Since the establishment of the Arab Knowledge Project, and throughout the preparation stages of all three knowledge reports, it has been continuously confirmed that there is a significant lack of credible data and research that can feed the decision-making process in the areas of knowledge and development. Hence, there is a need for region-specific monitoring and evaluation tools that take into consideration the Arab region’s contexts, cultures, and needs, which was not the case with the available international tools.
This led to the development of the Arab Knowledge Index, which best reflects “knowledge from a development perspective” in the Arab region, while taking into consideration the Arab region’s specific context, needs, and challenges, and focusing, as well as on the critical role of Arab youth in the establishment of the knowledge society in the Arab region.
The Arab Knowledge Index focuses on several critical sectors: Education at its Pre-University, Higher and Technical Vocational and Training levels, Research, Development and Innovation, Economy, and ICT. It comprises a total of more than 300 variables across these different sectors.
The Arab Knowledge Index is distinguished by taking into consideration, and for the first time, sectors that are often not well considered in similar attempts, such as the Technical Vocational Education and Training, the relation between research and development (R&D) and innovation, and the interaction between the different sectors.
The Index methodology was developed in consultation with top-level local, regional, and international experts and academics, along with regional workshops across the Arab region.
The Index now expanded its coverage to include 131 from around the globe under the title “Global Knowledge Index (GKI)”, thus becoming an Index of Knowledge, from the Arab region to the entire globe.
To be noted that two Arab Knowledge Index were published in 2015 and 2016. In 2017, the Global Knowledge Index was launched.